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Friday, April 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Efficiency in linguistic change found in the catalog.

Efficiency in linguistic change

Otto Jespersen

Efficiency in linguistic change

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  • 8 Currently reading

Published by E. Munksgaard in København .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Language and languages.,
  • Semantics.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Otto Jespersen.
    SeriesDet Kgl. danske videnskabernes selskab. Historiskfilologiske meddelelser., XXVII, 4
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsAS281 .D214 bd. 27, nr. 4
    The Physical Object
    Pagination90 p.
    Number of Pages90
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL191313M
    LC Control Numbera 47001531
    OCLC/WorldCa4629046

    C.H. Frederiksen, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, The Semantic Content of Linguistic Expressions. Propositions represent the semantic content of linguistic example, in ‘The airplane was rising swiftly,’ the proposition would represent the structure of an event involving an action (rising), an object undergoing change . Linguistic Change; Cognitive Factors; Cultural Factors 1. Introduction Under the authorship of William Labov, one of the founders of modern sociolinguistics, Principles of Linguistic Change: Cognitive and Cultural Factors (published by Wiley-Blackwell in ) is . Syntactic change is the evolution of the syntactic structure of a natural language.. Over time, syntactic change is the greatest modifier of a particular language. [citation needed] Massive changes – attributable either to creolization or to relexification – may occur both in syntax and in tic change can also be purely language-internal, whether independent within .


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Efficiency in linguistic change by Otto Jespersen Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Jespersen, Otto, Efficiency in linguistic change. København, E. Munksgaard, (OCoLC) Get this from a library. Efficiency in linguistic change. [Otto Jespersen].

"The distillation of years of teaching topics that her own brilliant work has helped to define, Language Change is a welcome invitation to sit in on one of Bybee's favourite courses. Its broad scope and eclectic coverage, privileging the cognitive, processing and usage factors jointly operating in language users, make this unique among Cited by: Efficiency in Linguistic Change by Otto Jespersen () 1.

Evolution and Progress. In my youth I was, like so many of my contemporaries, under the spell of what Sapir (Language ) somewhat unjustly termed 'the evolutionary prejudice', Darwin's and Spencer's theories.

In this book John A. Hawkins argues that major patterns of variation across languages are structured by general principles of efficiency in language use and communication. Evidence for these comes from languages permitting structural options from which selections are made in performance, e.g.

between competing word orders and between relative clauses with a. Other articles where Linguistic change is discussed: language: Linguistic change: Every language has a history, and, as in the rest of human culture, changes are constantly taking place in the course of the learned transmission of a language from one generation to another.

This is just part of the difference between human culture. to answer question of (social support of) continuation for language change.

The book concludes with a summary of issues and ponders further questions that affect linguistic change that were beyond the scope of this endeavor. California Linguistic Notes Volume XXXII No.

2 Spring, File Size: 36KB. linguistics, scientific study of language, covering the structure (morphology and syntax; see grammar), sounds (), and meaning (), as well as the history of the relations of languages to each other and the cultural place of language in human behavior.

Phonetics, the study of the sounds of speech, is generally considered a separate (but closely related to) field from linguistics. The change from fussy to fuzzy would be an example of assimilation, which is a very common kind of change.

Assimilation is the changing of a sound under the influence of a neighbouring one. For example, the word scant was once skamt, but the /m/ has been changed to /n/ under the influence of the following /t/.

Greater efficiency has hereby been. Language change is the phenomenon where phonetics, morphological, semantic, and syntactic and other features of language vary over time. The effect of language change over time is known as Diachronic Change.

The two linguistic disciplines in particular language concern themselves with studying language change. (Altintas, K. et al ) Language change is both. inquiry into the nature of sound change, of ever increasing methodological innovativeness, em-pirical insight, and theoretical depth.

In the way it it integrates linguistic change with phonetics, phonological theory, and sociolinguistics, resolutely rejecting even the least vestige of any Saus.

Of course, if Earth's welcoming committee really wanted to be ambitious, they could create a new, artificial language, one whose aim "is the highest possible degree of logic, efficiency, detail, and accuracy in cognitive expression via spoken human language, while minimizing the ambiguity, vagueness, illogic, redundancy, polysemy (multiple.

1 Introduction to the Linguistic Study of Language key concepts Who these books are for How to use these books we have prepared this book and its companion with teachers (and student teachers) from all disciplines in mind. Introduction to the Linguistic Study of Language).File Size: KB. Principles of Linguistic Change, Volume 2: Social Factors William Labov This volume presents the long-anticipated results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change.

Language Variation and Change is the only journal dedicated exclusively to the study of linguistic variation and the capacity to deal with systematic and inherent variation in synchronic and diachronic linguistics.

Sociolinguistics involves analysing the interaction of language, culture and society; the more specific study of variation is concerned with the impact of this interaction on. Partha Niyogi, author of the book The Computational Nature of Language Learning and Evolution and a professor of computer science and statistics at the University of Chicago, says these empirical Author: Nikhil Swaminathan.

Parameter theory and linguistic change Charlotte Galves. This book focuses on some of the most important issues in historical syntax. In terms of the richness of the data it examines, the broad range of languages it discusses, and the use it makes of linguistic theory this is an outstanding book, not least in the contribution it makes to.

The Linguistic Cycle: Language Change and the Language Faculty Elly van Gelderen. Elly van Gelderen provides examples of linguistic cycles from a number of languages and language families, along with an account of the linguistic cycle in terms of minimalist economy principles.

You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other. This book develops the general principles of linguistic change that form the foundations of historical linguistics, dialectology and sociolinguistics.

It is concerned with the factors that govern the internal development of linguistic structures: the mechanisms of change, the constraints on change, and the ways in which change is embedded in 4/5(1).

This third and final volume of the Principles of Linguistic Change set examines the cognitive and cultural causes responsible for linguistic change, and traces the history of these developments, from triggering events to driving forces and endpoints. Labov draws upon the newly completed Atlas of North American English to look more deeply into questions of linguistic change, Cited by: In this book, Professor John A.

Hawkins argues that major patterns of variation across languages are structured by general principles of efficiency in language use and communication. Evidence for these comes from languages permitting structural options from which selections are made in performance, e.g.

between competing word orders and between relative clauses with a. Dialect - Dialect - Social dialects: Another important axis of differentiation is that of social strata.

In many localities, dialectal differences are connected with social classes, educational levels, or both. More-highly educated speakers and, often, those belonging to a higher social class tend to use more features belonging to the standard language, whereas the original dialect of the.

• Remember that efficiency is a skill to be mastered. • Remember that collaboration is key to building strong relationships. • Remember that the success of the individual and the organization depends on effective communication.

Thank you. Murphy Skills for Effective Business Communication HKS at Harvard University 30SEP14 John Hawkins demonstrates a clear link between how languages are used and the conventions of their grammars. He sets out a theory in which performance shapes grammars and accounts for the variation patterns found in the world's languages.

He backs this up with evidence from a wide array of languages. He also considers the profound consequences of this correspondence for. The Wave Model of Language Change "[T]he distribution of regional language features may be viewed as the result of language change through geographical space over time.

A change is initiated at one locale at a given point in time and spreads outward from that point in progressive stages so that earlier changes reach the outlying areas : Richard Nordquist.

Principles of Linguistic Change. Volume 3: Cognitive and Cultural Factors. Foreword It seems likely that the loss of communicative efficiency in the course of linguistic change is the result of two separate streams of language inheritance, representing different aspects of human nature.

Language and speech development in children can be challenging of the best ways to facilitate this development is through age-appropriate books that children can either read to themselves or have read to them the written word and sounding out letters and their combinations helps to solidify linguistic concepts in your child's mind.

In this book John A. Hawkins argues that major patterns of variation across languages are structured by general principles of efficiency in language use and communication. Evidence for these comes from languages permitting structural options from which selections are made in performance, e.g.

between competing word orders and between relative Pages: This book argues that major patterns of variation across languages are structured by general principles of efficiency in language use and communication.

Evidence for these comes from languages permitting structural choices from which selections are made in performance, e.g. between competing word orders and between relative clauses with a resumptive pronoun.

As Cecelia Tichi points out, works like Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward, – () effected a “cunning linguistic change” to the idea of efficiency by claiming that social engineers could redesign society and, in turn, eliminate the “waste” of socioeconomic inequality.

3 But while scholars readily associate Looking Backward. Zdenek Salzmann saw linguistic anthropology as one of the four major divisions in anthropology (along with cultural anthropology, physical anthropology and archaeology) by the s.

According to his introduction to the field, linguistic anthropology is concerned with the effect the development of human communication and its crucial aspect. because of challenges to the linguistic classification.

This book is primarily concerned with the mechanisms and processes of language change, not the origin and spread of specific families of languages; but we will consider the phylogenetic consequences of language change. Sociolinguistic Variation and Changeis a selection of Peter Trudgill's major works sinceappearing here in updated and revised form.

The book deals with a number of different but related topics:*The role of English in the world, and the nature of Standard English or Englishes*Language as a human issue and how sociolinguistic research might solve 5/5(1). change; in so doing, we necessarily cover some key issues in a rather abbreviated fashion, mainly identifying them so that they may together serve as a frame encompassing the various subsequent chapters.

Second, we introduce the book itself, since we feel that in many respects this volume is unique in the field of linguistic diachrony. Language speed versus efficiency: Is faster better. Date: September 2, Source: Linguistic Society of America Summary: A recent study of the speech information rate of seven languages.

Historical syntax in cross-linguistic perspective is a benchmark work in syntax and historical linguistics. William Labov. Principles of Linguistic Change: Internal Factors (Blackwell Publishers) The committee felt this book is a landmark in the study of language change.

Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. This book develops the general principles of linguistic change that form the foundations of historical linguistics, dialectology and sociolinguistics.

Demonstrates the social as well as cognitive relevance of linguistic researchShows that rapid linguistic change is in progress in the cities of America and England so that urban dialects are becoming more and more.

Humans exhibit a wide range of efficiency in their everyday behavior. For example, we have inefficiency in Mohawk-style haircuts and high heels. And, on the other hand, we have efficiency in selecting the shortest supermarket checkout line.

Language exhibits a similar range. For example, we have inefficiency in idioms such as ''in and of itself'', used instead of alternatives.

The articles of this volume are centered around two competing views on language change originally presented at the International Conference on Historical Linguistics in the two important plenary papers by Henning Andersen and William Croft.

The latter proposes an evolutionary model of language change within a domain-neutral model of a ‘generalized. Linguistic change in the sense of innovation that becomes accepted as the norm is essential to this dynamic process: it both facilitates individual expression and fosters the emergence of a collective identity.

Linguistic change: Implications for teaching Kitab — book generalizing rules from the linguistic input he or she receives," wrote Victoria Fromkin and .Again, we turn to Labov, who posited in his book Principles of Linguistic Change, Volume II: Social Factors that high-status members of social groups—that is, the members with lots of connections within their social group as well as outside it—were leaders in linguistic changes.

The classes that saw the most linguistic changes were the.